Weigh your oils and mix them. Heat
the oils to 130ºF (55ºC). You can heat them in oven or
Put on your gloves, safety goggles and
Measure water in a glass bowl.
Weigh lye accurately and add into pre
- REMEMBER- NEVER EVER EVER ADD WATER TO LYE. Always
add lye to water. This solution will heat up
When temperature of both oil and lye
solution fall to 110ºF (43ºC), slowly add lye solution
to your oils with continuous stirring.
Stir your mixture until you reach trace.
you stir with spatula or spoon, your mixture will
need at least an hour to reach trace. But if you use
a stick blender, it will trace within 10 min.
test for trace, dip a spatula or spoon into the mix
and dribble a bit of it back into the pot. If it
leaves a little "trace" behind, you're there.
Add color and essential oils at this step
if you want.
can use micas, natural pigments like coffee/cocoa
powder or lab colours. You can use essential oils
such as lavender oil, sandalwood oil, etc.
Pour your mix into silicone moulds.
Cover your moulds with cardboard and wrap
a warm cloth around it. Keep it for 24 hours.
After 24 hours, remove your soaps from
moulds and keep them for curing for at least 4 weeks.
The process of curing soap allows the excess moisture in
the bars to evaporate, leaving a harder and
After 4-6 weeks your soaps are ready for
procedure has 5% superfat. i.e. only 95% of the total
oils has been converted into soap, while remaining 5% is
present as oil.
temperature difference between both the phases (oils and
lye solution) should be max 5ºC. Keep the temperature
- If you
use water soluble colour, mix it into few ml of water
and add to your mix. If colour is oil soluble, use oil.
essential oils in mix when temperature of mix is below
the flash points of essential oils or else your
essential oils will flash.
- You can
use different combinations and amounts of oils. Search
online for a lye calculator to consider your options.
- If you
want to make soap with 5% superfat, then multiply your
lye amount with 0.95. Similarly for 8% superfat,
multiply lye amount with 0.92